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Dementia, a general term for a decline in cognitive function severe enough to interfere with daily life, is popularly associated with memory loss. As populations aged, the number of people affected by degenerative and non‐communicable disease (NCD), including dementia, has inevitably rose. Sedentary lifestyle and other NCDs such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and stroke also contributes to the increasing risk of dementia. Statistics shows that globally, every 3 seconds, someone develops dementia. There were approximately 46.8 million people with dementia (PWD) in 2015, with 23 million of them living in the Asia‐Pacific region. 1.2 million in Indonesia and costing USD$ 184 billion in one year. It is projected that in 2050, there will be more than 70 million PWD in the region, and 68% of the rise will take place in low and middle income countries. Therefore, in the coming years, the socioeconomic burden of dementia is expected to continue rising enormously. This global health problem demand comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach, from preventive public health efforts to promote risk reduction and healthy lifestyle starting from the beginning of life ‐ to incorporating person‐centered care in the process of caregiving both in facilities and at home. The neuropathology associated with cognitive impairment and dementia often develops over decades, determination of risk factor over the life course, starting in early adulthood, could inform more targeted and effective interventions for healthy cognitive aging.
Hence, the theme for this year’s event is:
We trust that this conference will provide more knowledge and insights to dementia risk reduction and high quality dementia care which is applicable in our region.